Elementary ProgramLower elementary years are ages 6 through 9 and in the upper elementary years are ages 9 through 12.
The child enters the Elementary Program between six and seven years of age. The range of subject areas includes math, geometry, language arts, history, geography, biology (botany/zoology), music, and art. Students are expected to further develop their reading, writing, analytical, and computational skills, organize their work, and work productively with others for preparation for the middle grades, high school and beyond. At the Upper Elementary stage, students begin to synthesize what they have learned with the concrete Montessori materials, and move into a more abstract way of thinking.
The learning process in the Elementary Program focuses students more on group interaction and learning how to live in the small community of the classroom. This transition from the individual focus of the Primary Program is a central part of their work during their six years in Elementary. Lessons are presented in small groups, with occasional lessons directed to an individual or to the entire class. It is through this work that they build the strong social skills we associate with Montessori, such as how to lead and follow, how to take responsibility for oneself and others, how to publicly present and perform, and how to care for others.